October 17, 1521: Pope Leo X Awards King Henry VIII the Title of Defender of the Faith

Cromwell: In the June of 1521 the King published a book. A theological work. It was called, A Defence of the Seven Sacraments. More: For which he was named “Defender of the Faith” by His Holiness, the Pope. Cromwell: By… Continue Reading


I Guess They Don’t Teach History at UW Madison

My bride obtained her master’s degree in library science from the University of Wisconsin at Madison.  Judging from a recent event, I guess they don’t teach history, at least American history, there anymore:   The University of Wisconsin-Madison certainly shows… Continue Reading


Sunrise, Sunset–Circadian Rhythms and a Nobel Prize

“(Men) Sunrise, sunset Sunrise, sunset Swiftly flow the days Seedlings turn overnight to sunflowers Blossoming even as we gaze (Women) Sunrise, sunset Sunrise, sunset Swiftly fly the years One season following another Laden with happiness and tears” —“Sunrise, Sunset”, Fiddler… Continue Reading