President Wilson realized it would be many months before the US ground forces could be trained, equipped and shipped across the Atlantic in numbers sufficient to make a difference on the battlefields of France. However, he also knew that Allied, and American, morale would soar with the news that the Americans had landed in France, no matter how many they were. Thus on May 19, 1917 Wilson ordered that the First Expeditionary Division be formed, and that units of the Division sail to France as soon as possible. Thus was born the First Infantry Division, the Big Red One. By the end of the War the Division would incur casualties of 4,964 killed in action, 17,201 wounded in action, and 1,056 missing or died of wounds. It would be the first Division to cross the Rhine into occupied Germany. Five soldiers of the Division earned Medals of Honor during the War, out of a total of 92 earned by the Army. The Big Red One has been in continuous service with the Army since its creation in 1917.