One of the frequently overlooked aspects of American involvement in World War I, is the massive shipments of food from the United States to the Allies that kept them from experiencing the type of dearth of food that afflicted Germany in the latter years of the War. Behind the success of this effort was one of the greatest geniuses of organization in American history, future president Herbert Hoover. Since the onset of the War he had organized food relief for occupied Belgium, and is still honored there, for his central role in preventing mass famine in that war devastated country, where the German conquerors had little concern of whether the Belgian civilians had food to eat. Hoover performed similar miracles of humanitarian relief in occupied France.
I his Executive Order of August 14, 1917 President Wilson established the Food Administration Grain Corporation with Herbert Hoover on the Board. This was part of the United States Food Admninistration which Wilson appointed Hoover to lead. Future posts will explore Hoover’s actions in charge of this organization. Here is the text of the Executive Order of August 14, 1917: