A video clip on the charge of the winged Polish hussars on September 12, 1683, 333 years ago, that broke the back of the Turkish army besieging Vienna. John Sobieski, the Polish King, fifty-four years old, had been fighting the Turks since his youth. College educated at a time when that was rare, he had spent two years traveling in Western Europe. Multi-lingual, in addition to his native Polish he could also speak Latin, German, Italian, French, Tatar and Turkish. A scholar as well as a fighting man, he made a careful study of Turkish military methods. His skill on the battlefield and in diplomacy led to him being crowned King of Poland in 1676.
In 1683 he gained immortality in History by literally riding to the rescue of Vienna with his Polish army. A letter he wrote to his wife in the tent of the defeated Turkish general details what happened: